[1]李晓飞,刘宏.机器人听觉声源定位研究综述[J].智能系统学报,2012,7(01):9-20.
 LI Xiaofei,LIU Hong.A survey of sound source localization for robot audition[J].CAAI Transactions on Intelligent Systems,2012,7(01):9-20.
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机器人听觉声源定位研究综述(/HTML)
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《智能系统学报》[ISSN:1673-4785/CN:23-1538/TP]

卷:
第7卷
期数:
2012年01期
页码:
9-20
栏目:
出版日期:
2012-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
A survey of sound source localization for robot audition
文章编号:
1673-4785(2012)01-0009-12
作者:
李晓飞1刘宏12
1.北京大学深圳研究生院 集成微系统科学工程与应用重点实验室,广东 深圳 518055;
2.北京大学 机器感知与智能教育部重点实验室,北京 100871
Author(s):
LI Xiaofei1 LIU Hong12
1.Key Laboratory of Integrated Microsystems, Shenzhen Graduate School of Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, China;
2.Key Laboratory of Machine Perception (Ministry of Education), Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
关键词:
机器人机器人听觉声源定位麦克风阵列
Keywords:
robot robot audition sound source localization microphone array
分类号:
TP242.6;TN912.3
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
声源定位技术定位出外界声源相对于机器人的方向和位置,机器人听觉声源定位系统可以极大地提高机器人与外界交互的能力.总结和分析面向机器人听觉的声源定位技术对智能机器人技术的发展有着重要的意义.首先总结了面向机器人听觉的声源定位系统的特点,综述了机器人听觉声源定位的关键技术,包括到达时间差、可控波束形成、高分辨率谱估计、双耳听觉、主动听觉和视听融合技术.其次对麦克风阵列模型进行了分类,比较了基于三维麦克风阵列、二维麦克风阵列和双耳的7个典型系统的性能.最后总结了机器人听觉声源定位系统的应用,并分析了存在的问题和未来的发展趋势.
Abstract:
The technology of sound source localization can localize the direction and position of a sound source relative to a robot. Sound source localization system for robot audition can greatly improve the ability of a robot to interact with external conditions. The summary and analysis of sound source localization for robot audition can significantly promote the development of intelligent robots. In this work, first, the characteristics of sound source localization for robot audition were summarized. The key technologies were summarized, including the time delay of arrival, steered beamforming, high resolution spectral estimation, binaural, active audition, and audiovisual. Then, the models of a microphone array were classified, and the performances of seven typical systems based on a 3D microphone array, 2D microphone array, and binaural were compared. Finally, the applications of a sound source localization system of robot audition were summarized. Several issues that sound source localization systems face as well as development trends were analyzed. 

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2012-01-10.
网络出版时间: 2012-02-19.
基金项目:国家“863”计划资助项目(2006AA04Z247);国家自然科学基金资助项目(60675025,60875050);深圳市科技计划及基础研究计划资助项目(JC20090316039).
通信作者:刘宏.            E-mail:hongliu@pku.edu.cn.
作者简介:
李晓飞,男,1987年生,博士研究生,主要研究方向为语音识别、声源定位.
刘宏,男,1967年生,教授,博士生导师,中国人工智能学会常务理事、副秘书长、青年工作委员会主任,主要研究方向为智能机器人、计算机视听觉.先后承担国家自然科学基金项目7项,国家“863”、“973”计划课题项目5项,曾获国家航天科技进步奖.发表学术论文100余篇,其中60余篇被SCI、EI检索.
更新日期/Last Update: 2012-05-07