[1]钟义信.“范式变革”引领与“信息转换”担纲:机制主义通用人工智能的理论精髓[J].智能系统学报,2020,15(3):615-622.[doi:10.11992/tis.202002019]
 ZHONG Yixin.Leading of paradigm shift and undertaking of information conversion: theoretical essence of mechanism-based general AI[J].CAAI Transactions on Intelligent Systems,2020,15(3):615-622.[doi:10.11992/tis.202002019]
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“范式变革”引领与“信息转换”担纲:机制主义通用人工智能的理论精髓(/HTML)
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《智能系统学报》[ISSN:1673-4785/CN:23-1538/TP]

卷:
第15卷
期数:
2020年3期
页码:
615-622
栏目:
政策解读
出版日期:
2020-05-05

文章信息/Info

Title:
Leading of paradigm shift and undertaking of information conversion: theoretical essence of mechanism-based general AI
作者:
钟义信
北京邮电大学 人工智能学院,北京 100876
Author(s):
ZHONG Yixin
AI School, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China
关键词:
人工智能范式变革信息转换整体理论通用理论智能生成机制显因素隐因素
Keywords:
artificial intelligence (AI)paradigm shiftinformation conversionglobal theoryuniversal theorymechanism for intelligence growthexplicit factorimplicit factor
分类号:
TP18
DOI:
10.11992/tis.202002019
摘要:
世界人工智能研究至今一直沿用着物质科学的科学范式(科学观和方法论),因此被分解为结构主义人工智能(人工神经网络)、功能主义人工智能(物理符号系统/专家系统)和行为主义人工智能(感知动作系统/智能机器人) 3个各自为战互不相容的学派。虽然各个学派都获得了一些精彩的局部性专用性成果,却没有通用性整体性的人工智能应用,更无法形成通用的人工智能整体理论,这成为人工智能研究与发展的最大痛点。目前,通用性整体性的人工智能理论越来越成为社会的紧迫需求。为此,本文依据作者四十多年研究的积累,总结和提出了“机制主义通用人工智能理论”,特别强调了“范式变革”和“信息转换”,希望引起学界的研讨和批评。
Abstract:
Because of the employment of scientific paradigm (i.e., scientific outlook and methodology) in the field of materials science, the global research on artificial intelligence (AI) has been divided into three branches, namely, structuralism-based AI (e.g., artificial neural networks), functionalism-based AI (e.g., physical symbol systems and expert systems), and behaviorism-based AI (e.g., sensorimotor systems and intelligent robots), which are independent from each other and mutually unharmonious. A decent number of results from each of the three branches have been achieved; however, no progress has been made in the global theory of AI, let alone the universal theory of AI, and this has become the biggest pain point in the research and development of AI. Presently, the universal and global theories of AI have gradually become urgent social demands. Accordingly, the article titled “The theory of mechanistic general artificial intelligence” has been presented on the basis of the research experiences of the author during the past four decades; the work mainly focuses on “paradigm shift” and “information conversion.” The author hopes that the views and results presented in the article could draw discussions and criticisms from the readers of the AI academic circle.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-02-26。
基金项目:国家社科基金项目(18ZDA027);国家自然科学基金项目(60873001,60575034)
作者简介:钟义信,教授,博士生导师,发展中世界工程技术科学院院士,国际信息研究会2022—2023年度候任主席,北京邮电大学原副校长,曾任国家863计划通信主题首届首席专家,中国人工智能学会第4届和第5届理事会理事长,国务院信息化领导小组办公室专家委员会常务理事,中国科协?联合国信息技术咨商委员主席,主要研究方向为信息化、信息科学和人工智能基础。获得首届吴文俊人工智能科学技术成就奖和原邮电部科技进步一等奖等多项奖励。发表学术论文500余篇,出版专著18部。
通讯作者:钟义信.E-mail:zyx@bupt.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01