[1]秦裕林,朱新民,朱 丹.Herbert Simon在最后几年里的两个研究方向[J].智能系统学报,2006,(02):11-15.
 QIN Yu-lin,ZHU Xin-min,ZHU Dan.Herbert Simons two research directions in his lost years[J].CAAI Transactions on Intelligent Systems,2006,(02):11-15.
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《智能系统学报》[ISSN:1673-4785/CN:23-1538/TP]

卷:
期数:
2006年02期
页码:
11-15
栏目:
出版日期:
2006-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Herbert Simons two research directions in his lost years
文章编号:
1673-4785(2006)02-0011-05
作者:
秦裕林1朱新民2朱  丹3
浙江大学理学院,浙江杭州310027;
2.中国科学院心理研究所,北京100101;
3.爱荷华州立大学商学院
Author(s):
QIN Yu-linZHU Xin-minZHU Dan
1.College of Science, Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310027,Chin a;
2.Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101,China;
3.College of Business, Iowa State University, IA 50011, USA
关键词:
例中学多种表达式人工智能
Keywords:
learning from examples multiple representationartif icial intelligent
分类号:
TP18
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
Newell, Show 和Simon 的“逻辑理论家”(LT) 是1956年6月在Dartmouth研讨会上唯一的编出了程序的人工智能实例,这个研讨会宣告了人工智能(AI)的诞生.今天,在纪念人工智能诞生50周年之际,本文拟介绍Herbert A. Simon 在他人生最后几年的研究领域中的2 个方向——例中学和多种表达.本文的笔者们曾作为Simon的学生,同事和朋友参加了这2 个研究方向的工作,谨以此文表达我们对Simon (19162001) 的哀思及追念.
Abstract:
Newell, Show and Simon’s “logic theorist” (LT) was the only tangib le (programmed) example of artificial intelligence (AI) at the Dartmouth worksho p in June 1956, which declared the birth of artificial intelligence and was the central event celebrated at this meeting. In this article, we discuss two of He rbert Simon’s research directions during his last years—learning from examples and multiple representations. The authors were involved in these researches as his students, colleagues and friends.This paper was dedicated as a memorial to H erb ert Simon (19162001).

参考文献/References:

参考文献:1] SIMON H. Models of my life[M]. New York: BasicBooks, 1991.
[2]NEWELL A, SHAW J, SIMON H. Empirical explanations of the logic theory mach in e: A case study in heuristic[A]. Proceedings of the Western Joint Computer Con fe rence[C]. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1963. 
[3][JP2]NEWELL A, SHAW J, SIMON H. The process of creative thinking[J]. Models o f Thought, 1979(1): 144-174. [JP]
[4]NEWELL A , SIMON H. Human problem solving [M]. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Pren ticeHall, 1972.
[5]NEWELL A. Unified theories of cognition[M]. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Unive rsity Press, 1990.
[6]NEVES D.A computer program that learns algebraic procedures by examining e xa mples and working problems in a textbook[A]. In: Proceedings of the Second Nat io nal Conference of the Canadian Society for Computational Studies of Intelligence [C].[S.L.],1978.
[7]ZHU X, SIMON H. Learning mathematics from examples and by doing[J]. Cogn ition and Instruction, 1987, 4(3): 137-166.
[8]DEJONG G , MOONEY R. Explanationbased learning: An alternative view[J] . Machine Learning, 1986, 1(2): 145-176.
[9]MITCHELL T, KELLER R, KEDARCABELLI S. Explanationbased generalization: a unifying view[J]. Machine Learning, 1986, 1(1): 47-80.
[10]MITCHELL T, ALLEN J, CHALASANI P, et al. Theo: a framework for selfimproving system[M]. NJ: Lawrence Eribaum Associat e, 1989.
[11]QIN Y, MITCHELL T, SIMON H. Using EBG to simulate human learning from exa mp les and learning by doing[A] In:Proceedings of the fifth Artificial Intellige nce Research Symposium[C].[S.L.],Florida ,1992.
[12]ZHU X, LEE Y, SIMON H, ZHU Dan.Cue recognition and cue elaboration in lea rn ing from examples[A]. In:Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of USA[C ]. [s.l.],1996.
[13]ZHU X, ZHU D, LEE Y, SIMON H.Cognitive theory to guide curriculum design fo r learning from examples and by doing[J]. Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, 2003 , 22(4): 285-322.
[14]LARKIN J, SIMON H. Why a diagram is (sometimes) worth ten thousand words [J]. Cognitive Science, 1987(11):65-99.
[15]SIMON H. Diagrammatic reasoning, cognitive and computational perspectives [M]. Cambridge:The MIT Press, 1995.
[16]TABACHNECK H S, LEONARDO A, SIMON H. CaMeRa: a computational model of mul tiple representations[J] .Cognitive Science, 1997,21(3):305-350
[17]EINSTEIN A. On the electrodynamics of movingbodies, 1905[M]. Do ver Publications, 1923.
[18]QIN Y, SIMON H. Image as process representation in problem solvin g[A]. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Soc iety[C]. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Eribaum Associate, 1992.
[19]QIN Y, SIMON H. Diagrammatic reasoning, cognitive and computational pers pectives[M]. Cambridge:The MIT Press, 1995.
[20]QIN Y. From language to mental images to equations[D].Pennsylvania, Pitt sburgh:Carnegie Mellon University,1992.
[21]SIMON H.我生活的种种模式[M].上海:东方出版社,1998.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2006-08-28.
作者简介:
秦裕林, 1947年生.浙大心理系兼任教授; 美国卡内基?梅隆大学(CMU)高级研究心理学家.北航计算机硕士, CMU认知心理学博士,曾与导师 Herbert A. Simon共同署名发论文6篇,与Anderson(美科学院院士)共同署名发论文 9 篇,其中2篇在美科学院院刊发表.目前研究方向为计算认知体系结构(Computational Cognitive Architecture) ACT-R 及其应用.
E-mail:yulinq@yahoo.com 
更新日期/Last Update: 2009-05-04