HUANG Xinhan.A3I: the star of science and technology for the 21st century[J].CAAI Transactions on Intelligent Systems,2016,11(6):835-848.[doi:10.11992/tis.201605022]





A3I: the star of science and technology for the 21st century
华中科技大学 自动化学院, 湖北 武汉 430074
HUANG Xinhan
School of Automation, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
artificial intelligenceintelligent controlintelligent roboticsneural networkdeep learningfuzzy controlexpert systemtransfer functiondynamic programming
在回顾人工智能、智能控制与智能机器人(artificial intelligence,intelligent control and intelligent robotics,A3I)发展历程的基础上,介绍了人工智能的诞生和发展进程、研究目标与实现途径。提出了传统控制技术面临的挑战与出路,比较了智能控制与传统控制在知识的获取、描述、加工和运用方面的不同之处,阐述了二者之间的相互关系,指出了智能控制系统应具备的基本功能、主要任务与实现方法。介绍了机器人的过去——人类的幻想,机器人的现在——从幻想走向现实和机器人的未来——智能机器人。最后对人工智能、智能控制和智能机器人的发展前景进行了展望。
This paper reviews the development history of artificial intelligence, intelligent control and intelligent robotics (A3I). Subsequently, it introduces the birth and development of artificial intelligence and its research objectives and implementation approaches and proposes the challenges faced by traditional control technology and the solutions for these challenges. The differences between intelligent and traditional control are compared for acquisition, description, processing, and application of knowledge. Moreover, the relationship between intelligent control and traditional control is expounded. The basic functions, main tasks, and implementation methods of intelligent control systems are also demonstrated. In the past, robots were considered a human’s fantasy, and at present, robots have entered reality, whereas in the future, robots could be intelligent robots. Finally, the development prospects of artificial intelligence, intelligence control, and intelligence robotics are introduced.


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