[1]刘宏,李哲媛,许超.视错觉现象的分类和研究进展[J].智能系统学报,2011,6(01):1-12.
 LIU Hong,LI Zheyuan,XU Chao.The categories and research advances of visual illusions[J].CAAI Transactions on Intelligent Systems,2011,6(01):1-12.
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《智能系统学报》[ISSN:1673-4785/CN:23-1538/TP]

卷:
第6卷
期数:
2011年01期
页码:
1-12
栏目:
出版日期:
2011-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
The categories and research advances of visual illusions
文章编号:
1673-4785(2011)01-0001-12
作者:
刘宏12李哲媛12许超12
1.北京大学 信息科学技术学院,北京 100871;
2.北京大学 机器感知与智能教育部重点实验室,北京 100871
Author(s):
LIU Hong12 LI Zheyuan12 XU Chao12
1.School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
2.Machine Perception and Intelligence, Key Laboratory of Education Ministry, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
关键词:
视错觉心理学生理学计算机视觉认知科学
Keywords:
visual illusions psychology physiology computer vision cognitive science
分类号:
TP391
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
视错觉指的是人或动物观察物体时,基于知觉经验或不当参照等形成的与客观事实不一致的特定感知.它能从独特的角度显示出视觉系统的认知功能和机理,因此研究错觉原理,建立合适的数学模型和计算机模拟模型,对心理学、生理学和计算机视觉等领域的发展有着重要的意义.在收集整理大量错觉图片的基础上,视错觉可按不同的现象和成因分为轮廓错觉、运动错觉、细胞群错觉、扭曲错觉、尺寸错觉和不可能图形等6类,其中典型错觉图片被选以介绍其成因和生理、心理、计算机领域的研究现状,阐述不同视错觉发生在视觉不同认知层次上,且拥有和正常视觉相同的神经基础,最后概述了视错觉现象的应用意义和前景.
Abstract:
When humans or animals observe things, visual/optical illusions can occur since the perceptions are sometimes inconsistent with reality and are caused by the observers’ experiences or improper references. Visual illusions can expose the cognitive functions and mechanisms of the human vision system from a unique perspective. Therefore, they help people to understand vision principles, to establish appropriate mathematical models and computer simulation models, and significantly promote the development of many research fields such as psychology, physiology, and computer vision. In this study, due to various phenomenon or causes, 620 illusory pictures were analyzed and divided into 6 categories: contour illusions, motion illusions, cellpopulation illusions, distorted illusions, size illusions, and impossible objects/3D illusions. Additionally, the causes and research status of typical illusions were presented. Furthermore, the conclusion was drawn that different illusions occur in different cognitive levels of the vision system and have the same neural basis as normal vision. Finally, the applications and research future were described.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2010-06-13.
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(60675025,60875050);国家“863”计划资助项目(2006AA04Z247);广东省自然科学基金资助项目(9151806001000025);深圳市科技计划及基础研究计划资助项目(JC200903160369A).
通信作者:李哲媛.
E-mail:zheyuanli@cis.pku.edu.cn.
作者简介:
刘宏,男,1967年生,教授、博士生导师,IEEE会员,国际机器人足球联盟(FIRA)竞赛委员会委员,中国人工智能学会常务理事、副秘书长、青年委员会主任,中国自动化学会智能自动化专业委员会委员.主要研究方向为机器感知与智能机器人、视觉注意转移机制和模式识别.先后承担或参与国家自然科学基金项目,国家“863”计划项目和国家“973”计划课题共计10余项.曾获航天部科技进步二等奖、北京大学安泰奖、教学优秀奖等.在重要的学术期刊和国际会议上发表学术论文90余篇. 
李哲媛,女,1986年生,博士研究生,主要研究方向为结合视觉选择性注意机制的目标跟踪与图像处理.
许超,男,1964年生,教授、博士生导师,主要研究方向为视感知和视觉算法、图像数据压缩、模式识别与视频处理等.先后承担或参与国家自然科学基金项目,国家“863”计划项目和国家“973”计划课题共计10余项.发明专利5项,获得中国科学院科技进步二等奖,北京大学安泰奖,北京大学通用电气(GE)奖,北京大学柯达(KODAK)奖等.在重要的学术期刊和国际会议上发表学术论文80余篇.
更新日期/Last Update: 2011-04-13